China's smoggy industrial production...
A 2009 report prepared for the Alliance for American Manufacturing (AAM) found that China’s rapidly growing steel industry suffers from ineffective enforcement of weak pollution-control standards and a failure to use adequate pollution-prevention measures. The result? High levels of pollution.
China’s production of steel has quadrupled in the last decade, making it by far the world’s largest source of steel. It now produces more than the United States, Russia, and Japan combined. And, while China produces one-third of the world’s steel, it is responsible for half of the world’s carbon dioxide from steelmaking. This rapid rise in steel production is due in large part to the more than $27 billion in governmental energy subsidies that China has provided for its steelmakers since 2000.
The dark side of this massive industrial production is tremendous pollution and smog. A new study published in the scientific journal Proceedings (by the National Academy of Sciences) finds that severe pollution has slashed an average of five and half years from life expectancy in northern China, with toxic air leading to higher rates of stroke, heart disease and cancer.
The researchers found that severe air pollution has cost the 500 million people living north of China's Huai River during the 1990s more than 2.5 billion years of aggregate life.
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